Comparison of stone with brick as a material of construction

Building material
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In this article Learn about: Comparison of stone with brick as a material of construction,Stones,Bricks,Stone are gradually losing their universal use as a building materials,Uses, Stones are extensively used

Comparison of stone with brick as a material of construction

Stones

stone
stone

Stone is a natural material of construction and is obtained from quarries. Since prehistoric days it has been used for constructing different components of buildings like foundations, walls, lintels, floors, roof etc. It has also been used for constructing bridges, wires, dams etc. Stones that are used for construction of structures are known as building stones.

Most of the ancient temples and forts of India were built with stones. The Taj and the Victoria Memorial (Calcutta) were built in white marble had from Rajasthan. Red Fort and Jama Maszid (Delhi) were built with red sand stone from Agra. Parliament House, Rashtrapati Bhawan and the Central Secretariat (Delhi) were built with red and grey sand stones from Rajasthan.

Stone are gradually losing their universal use as a building materials because of the following reasons :

(i)        Important buildings these days are being constructed of steel or RCC, Concrete because of their being less bulky, stronger and more durable.

(ii)       Strength of structures made of stones cannot be so rationally analysed as of those made with steel and RCC.

(iii)     Suitable, durable and more easily workable alternative materials are now available.

(iv)      Cast stone, sand faced rusticated bricks, furnace ware etc., can be given archietectural treatment more easily and have therefore overshadowed the use of stones.

(v)       Stones are not cheaply and conveniently available in the plains.

(vi)      *Dressing of stones is time-consuming and results in slow pace of construction.

Uses, Stones are extensively used for the following :

(i)        As stones ballast (broken stone) for railway track; for road construction ; for preparing cement concrete required for foundations, flooring, hollow and solid blocks, artificial stones and reinforced cement concrete.

(ii)       As crushed stone (stone dust) is used as a substitute for sand.

(iii)     As blocks in the construction of buildings; lintels; arches; walls; columns; abutments and piers of bridges; in weirs and in dams etc., etc.

(iv)      As blocks and slabs for face work of buildings requiring architectural treatment.

(v)       As thin slabs for roofing and for flooring buildings and pavements.

(vi)      As lime stone, it is used in the manufacture of lime, cement and in various other chemical processes.

(vii)    Thin slabs of impervious stones are used for laying Damp proof Courses in buildings.

Bricks

brick as a material
brick as a material

Bricks are blocks of tampered clay moulded to suitable shapes and sizes while it is still in plastic condition, dried in the sun and burnt, if desired so as to make them more strong, hard and durable.

Common building brick is not only one of the oldest but also the most extensively used material of construction. Popularity of bricks as a material of construction is because of their local and cheap availability, strength, durability, reliability and insulating property against heat and sound.

 

 

 

Comparison of stone with brick as a material of construction

 

S.N.STONEBRICK
1It is a natural material.It is manufactured from clay.
2It is heavier.It is lighter.
3It costs much to dress it to required shape and size.It can easily be moulded to any shape or size.
4It is more costly except in hilly areas.Except in hilly areas, it can locally manufactured and is cheaper.
5It is less porous and as such better suited for construction of water retaining structures.It is more porous and requires costly water proofing treatement when used for constructing water retaining structures.
6Because of more strength it is better suited for constructing structures carrying extra heavy loads or subjected to heavy pressures e.g. harbour, dock and forts etc.Reasonably good for normal loads.
7It is better conductor of heat.It is poorer conductor of heat.
8It withstands attacks of weather better.It is good for normal conditions but needs protection by way of plastering and pointing.
9Superior qualities of stones are used for constructing monuments and for decoration.Good quality bricks are sometimes left unplastered to achieve some Architectural effect.
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Comparision of stone with brick as a material of construction
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Comparision of stone with brick as a material of construction
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Learn and Know about the stone and Brick as a building material,Reason of Stone are gradually losing their universal use as a building materials,uses of stones,Comparison of stone with brick as a material of construction.
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