Suitability Of Soil For Irrigation
Suitability of soil for Irrigation

Suitability Of Soil For Irrigation

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Learn: Suitability Of Soil For Irrigation,land suitability for irrigation,irrigation suitability,suitability of irrigation water,What is soil suitability

SUITABILITY OF SOIL FOR IRRIGATION

  • Particle size, compactness, the position of the water table, depth of soil,
  • The presence of organic matter in the soil, are the usual aspects
  • that influence the depth of available water in the root zone of the crops.
  • Heavy soils like matiar and domat, can retain water for a considerable time.
  • As such are considered suitable for growing crops that require a larger amount of irrigation water.
  • Sugarcane, rice, wheat, etc. are such crops that can be grown in matiar soils.
  • Baluar or sandy soils cannot retain water for a considerable time.
  • Such soils are considered suitable for crops that do not require much irrigation water.
  • Baluar soils being easily drainable, require frequent watering
  • whereas matiar soils require watering at considerable intervals because they can retain water.
  • Suitable soil conditions for irrigation may be summarised as follows:

Suitability of soil for Irrigation

 

  1. The soil should be moisture-retentive type so that it may feed the crop for a considerable time.
  2. The soil should not suffer from erosion, so that fertile soils remain intact in heavy rains and winds.
  3. The soil should be adequately porous so that proper aeration of the root zone of the crops may take place.
  4.  The soil should possess sufficient nutrients suitable for the proper growth of the crops.
  5. The soil should not possess an undue concentration of harmful salts.
  6. The soil should be free from impurities which may favour the development of parasitic organisms for the crops.
  7. The soil should be easily tillable so that it may be easily prepared for sowing new crops.

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