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PRINCIPAL CROP SEASONS

Principal Crop Seasons

PRINCIPAL CROP SEASONS

Agriculturally the year may be divid into two principal seasons namely Rabi and Kharif.

Rabi Season.

  • In North India this season known as Hari season. Wheat, Barley, Gram, Mustard, Peas etc. are the main Rabi crops.
  • Sowing of these crops is done in autumn and harvesting in springs.
  • Usual sowing time of these crops starts from middle of October and ends at the end of November.
  • Harvesting time of these crops starts from 15th March and ends by 15th April.
  • Sowing and harvesting times may vary slightly depending upon the crop and local climatic conditions.

Kharif Season.

  • This reason in also known as Sawni season. Cotton, Millets, Paddy, Groundnut etc. are the main Kharif crops.
  • Kharif crops sown from 15 March and onwards say up to beginning of May.
  • Harvesting of these crops starts from middle of October and continues up to the end of November.
  • Harvesting and sowing times, again, may vary slightly depending upon the type of crop and local climatic conditions.
  • Sometimes short duration Rabi and Kharif crops are harvested and fields remain vacant for say one or two months, before next main crop of the season is.
  • In such circumstances some short duration crops such as fodder and vegetables may be sown in the vacant fields and harvestbefore next main crop of the season  in the same field.
  • Such short duration crops which are grown during the intervening periods between two main crops  the successive seasons are known as zaid crops.
  • The zaid crops whichgrown after the main crop of Rabi season  known as Zaid Rabi crops.
  • Similarly zaid crops which are grown after the main crop of Kharif season are known as Zaid Kharif crops.
  • Table  gives the relevant data about various crops of Northern India.

PRINCIPAL CROP SEASONS

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