GROUND WATER RESERVOIR
- The water absorb by the soil which percolates downwards ultimately joins the ground water reservoir.
- It is that water which is readily available all the time.
- It can be avail by digging wells.
- Ground water reservoir is a big natural ‘ storage of water.
- The part of rainfall that infiltrates into the ground percolates downwards unless checked by impervious layer.
- Since impervious layer does not allow infiltrated water to go further down, it gets stored in the soil above the impervious layer forming ground water reservoir
- This water remains held up in the voids of the soil.
- The layers of soil in which water is held up in soil pores are known as water bearing formations.
- They act as storage reservoirs for ground water and also as conduits for transmission of water.
(i) Zone or rock fracture and
(ii) Zone of rock flowage.
- The depth of the zone of rock flowage is not known accurately.
- Its presence is estimated to lie kilometres below the surface of the earth.
- This zone does not contain interstices as stresses here are beyond the elastic limits and the rock remains more or less in a state of plastic flow.
- Water present in this zone is known as internal water and a hydraulic engineer has nothing to do with this water.
- Zone of rock fracture lies above the zone of rock flowage. Interstices do exist in this zone and water is stored in the voids.
- The amount of water present in the voids is dependent upon porosity of the zone.
- Zone of saturation is below the water table and the zone of aeration above the water table.
- In the zone of saturation, water exists within the interstices or pores and is known as ground water.
- The space above the Water Table.