Well Completion Design

Completion of well


  • During boring of the well hole by any method it should be ensured that bored hole remains straight and vertical.
  • If well hole is located in consolidate formation, water enters the well hole directly and no casing is required as all the surroundings are quite stable.
  • But if formations are unconsolidated a casing is necessary to support the outside material and also to help in freely admitting the water into the well.
  • The casing should either contain perforations or its lower part may be replaced by a screen or strainer so that water may enter the well.
  • Sometimes in order to increase the effective diameter of the well, the screen or strainer is surrounded by a layer of gravel.
  • Gravel layer keeps fine material out of the well.
  • Such a gravel packed well will have a greater specific capacity than one of the same diameter not surrounded by gravel.
  • The thickness of the gravel may vary with type of formation and method of drilling.
  • However a minimum thickness of 15 cm is generally used.
  • While drilling a new tube well it should be ensured that it would not affect the discharge of other nearby existing tube wells.
  • The distance of the proposed well from existing wells should not normally be less than 1.5 km.
  • The diameter of the well pipe may be reduced theoretically, as we go deep down the well; but it is not recommended.
  • A single sized or at the most two sized tube may be used in actual practice.
  • The velocity of flow through the tube is generally limited between the range of 1.5 m/sec to 4.5 m/sec.
  • Once the design discharge of the tube well and the velocity of flow are known, the diameters of the pie can be easily found out.

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