SELECTION OF SITE FOR DAM
Following points should be considered while selecting the site for the dam.
- Suitable foundation for the dam should be available.
- The width of the river at dam site should be minimum so as to keep the length of the dam minimum and thus economical.
- In order to provide large basin for the reservoir, the site should open out upstream.
- If river is deep, but there is raised bed level existing, the dam should preferably be located at the raised bed.
- This will help in keeping height of the dam less. Such a situation.
- Proper separate site for location of spillways should be available.
- If separate spillway site is not available, the width of the river should be sufficient to locate spillway in the dam proper.
- The materials of construction for the dam should be locally available.
- Very costly land should not submerge in water because of the construction of the dam.
- The site should be well connected either with railway or highway or both.
- This will facilitate transport of cement, machinery and other materials required in the construction.
- The site should be such that leakage through its sides and bed is minimum.
- Highly permeable rocks should be absent from the site.
- Site should such that the reservoir developed is deep and having minimum spread of water.
- Site should be such that the tributaries carrying very high content of silt do not lead to the reservoir developed by the dam.