Advantage of cavity walls Precautions to be taken constructing cavity walls

In this Article Learn Cavity wall, Advantage of cavity walls Precautions to be taken while constructing cavity walls,bricks or metal,bonding bricks or metal Cavity walls A cavity wall is a double leaf wall having a cavity in between. The outer leaf is generally 10 cm thick and the inner leaf may be 10 cm or […]

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Effects of dampness, sources of dampness, prevention of dampness

In this Article Learn Causes dampness, Effects of dampness, sources of dampness : Rising moisture of the ground,From the external walls,  Top of walls, Condensation, prevention of dampness Dampness One of the most important requirements .of a building is that it should remain dry, that is, damp proof. If this condition is not satisfied, it […]

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Retaining walls and Breast walls

Content of The Article : Retaining walls and Breast walls, Retaining walls,Retaining wall Terminology,Back fill,Back fill slope,Batter,Dowels,Footing, Footing key,Weep wholes, Grade, Heel, Horizontal temperature/shrinkage reinforcing, Keyway, Principal reinforcing, Retained height, Stem, Surcharge, Toe, Breast Walls. Retaining walls and Breast walls Retaining walls. The walls constructed for retaining or supporting earth against their back are called retaining […]

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Brick Masonry

Brick Masonry The art of construction in bricks is called brick masonry; Bricks are laid with cement mortar or lime mortar. In ordinary and inferior quality of works, mud mortar is also used. Brick masonry laid with cement mortar is stronger and more durable than that laid, with lime mortar. But lime mortar is very […]

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Technical Terms in masonry

Technical Terms in masonry Back and Backing. The internal surface of the wall is called back and the material used on the back is called backing. Face and Facing. The outer or exposed face of the wall is called face and the material used on the face is called facing. Hearting and Filling. The interior […]

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Comparison of Brick Masonry and Stone Masonry

Comparison of Brick Masonry and Stone Masonry,Brick masonry,Stone masonry, Masonry is the art of the construction in brick or stone. Except in dry masonry some mortar is used to bind the bricks or blocks of stones, with each other. There are in general two types of masonry, viz., Brick Masonry and Stone masonry. Brick masonry […]

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Layout of foundation plan

Layout of Foundation     Layout of foundation plan : After determining the width and depth of foundation, a drawing showing the width of foundations of various walls is prepared. It is known as foundation plan. To start the commencement of excavation, the centre line of one of the longest walls is just mark­ed out […]

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Different types of foundations, which are generally used for structures

Content of this article : Types of foundations, Spread footing foundation, Benching or stepped foundation, Pile foundation, classification of piles foundation, Piles can be classified according to material-wooden piles,concrete piles,RCC piles, sheet piles,classification is based on the mode of working of the piles,(i) Bearing pills, and (ii) Friction piles.Raft foundation,Well foundation,Cassion’s foundation,cantilever foundations,combined footing foundation,Inverted […]

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Methods of Improving the Bearing Capacity of soils

Content of the article : methods of improving the bearing capacity of soils  Methods of Improving the Bearing Capacity of soils The bearing capacity of a soil mainly depends on the closeness of its particles. The bearing capacity of a soil can be increased by the following methods: By increasing the depth of foundation. The […]

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Soils and their Bearing Capacity

Content of this article : Bearing capacity of soils,Methods of determining the Bearing Capacity of Soils,Safe Bearing Capacity.factor of safety,safe bearing capacity of different soils. Soils and their Bearing Capacity The soils on which a structure rests may be classified into three categories: (a) Hard soils. These soils are generally rocky in nature, in compressible […]

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The loads coming on the foundations

Loads The loads coming on the foundations are generally divided into (i) Live Load (ii) Dead Load (iii) Wind Load and (iv) Snow load. (i) Live Load: It is a temporary or moving load. The weight of the inhabitants of a building, the weight of furniture or any stored material is called Live Load. Sometimes […]

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Definition,objects,causes of failure of foundation

Content of this Article : Definition of building construction,definition of building,classification of building,definition of foundation,objects of foundation,Causes of failure of foundations and precautions to prevent such failures See also : Different types of foundations, which are generally used for structures Definition of Building construction Building Construction is an Engineering Science, which deals with the technique […]

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Different types of stairs generally used in public and residential buildings

Learn Types of stairs : Stair, Straight flight stairs.Dog legged stairs.Open newel stairs.Quarter turn stairs.Bifurcated stairs.Geometrical stairs.Spiral stairs. See also Requirement of a good stair case Definitions of technical term used in stair case Types of stairs The following are the different types of stairs generally used in public and residential buildings Straight flight stairs. […]

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Requirement of a good stair case

Requirement of a good stair case A stair should be well ventilated. It should have good approaches from all corners of the building. Every flight should be separated from the other by spacious and well ventilated landings. Each flight should have not more than 12 steps As far as possible winders should be avoided. If […]

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Definitions of Technical terms used in stair case

Content of this article:definition stair case technical term:stairs,stair line of nosing case,rise,tread,nosing,fliers,winders,flight,landing,line of nosing,scotia block,string or stringers,headroom,Line of walking,Railing,baluster,Newel posts,pitch and soffit.            Definitions   Stairs. Stairs are steps arranged in series for the purpose of an assess from one floor to the other. Stair-case. The room or apartment in which […]

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FUNCTIONS AND TYPES OF FOUNDATIONS

Learn FUNCTIONS AND TYPES OF FOUNDATIONS,foundation,types of foundation,spread foundation,pile foundation,friction pile,end bearing pile Foundation The lowest part of a structure which transmits the weight of the structure together with live loads, seismic and wind pressure to the ground surface on which the structure rests, ensuring its safe bearing capacity, is called foundation. To increase the […]

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