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Building construction

Building construction:

Building Construction is an Engineering Science, which deals with the technique of construction of buildings.In Building construction, A building is de­fined as an enclosed space covered by a roof. Buildings in general can be classified into two categories viz. Public Buildings and Resident al Buildings. Public buildings are those which are primarily meant for the use of the general public, such as an office, a school, a college, a hospital, a cinema house, etc , whereas a residential building is only meant either for a single individual or group of individuals, such as an ordinary dwelling house or a bungalow. As far as techniques of construction are concerned, for an engineer both are the same.

In Building construction Every structure has two component parts. One is called; foundation and the other super-structure. Foundation is that part of the structure which is generally constructed below the ground level. It is often confused that foundation is constructed to take up the load of the structure or to support it.

TYPES OF BUILDING

Various groups in which buildings are divided.

various groups in which buildings are divided,National Building Code of India.(SP:7-2005),residential,                               educational,institutional buildings etc various groups in which buildings are divided National Building Code of India (SP: 7–2005) defines the building as ‘any structure for whatsoever purpose and of whatsoever …

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Advantage of cavity walls Precautions to be taken constructing cavity walls

In this Article Learn Cavity wall, Advantage of cavity walls Precautions to be taken while constructing cavity walls,bricks or metal,bonding bricks or metal Cavity walls A cavity wall is a double leaf wall having a cavity in between. The outer leaf is generally 10 cm thick and the inner leaf may be 10 cm or …

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Effects of dampness, sources of dampness, prevention of dampness

In this Article Learn Causes dampness, Effects of dampness, sources of dampness : Rising moisture of the ground,From the external walls,  Top of walls, Condensation, prevention of dampness Dampness One of the most important requirements .of a building is that it should remain dry, that is, damp proof. If this condition is not satisfied, it …

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Retaining walls and Breast walls

Content of The Article : Retaining walls and Breast walls, Retaining walls,Retaining wall Terminology,Back fill,Back fill slope,Batter,Dowels,Footing, Footing key,Weep wholes, Grade, Heel, Horizontal temperature/shrinkage reinforcing, Keyway, Principal reinforcing, Retained height, Stem, Surcharge, Toe, Breast Walls. Retaining walls and Breast walls Retaining walls. The walls constructed for retaining or supporting earth against their back are called retaining …

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Brick Masonry

Brick Masonry The art of construction in bricks is called brick masonry; Bricks are laid with cement mortar or lime mortar. In ordinary and inferior quality of works, mud mortar is also used. Brick masonry laid with cement mortar is stronger and more durable than that laid, with lime mortar. But lime mortar is very …

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Technical Terms in masonry

Technical Terms in masonry Back and Backing. The internal surface of the wall is called back and the material used on the back is called backing. Face and Facing. The outer or exposed face of the wall is called face and the material used on the face is called facing. Hearting and Filling. The interior …

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Comparison of Brick Masonry and Stone Masonry

Comparison of Brick Masonry and Stone Masonry,Brick masonry,Stone masonry, Masonry is the art of the construction in brick or stone. Except in dry masonry some mortar is used to bind the bricks or blocks of stones, with each other. There are in general two types of masonry, viz., Brick Masonry and Stone masonry. Brick masonry …

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Layout of foundation plan

Layout of Foundation     Layout of foundation plan : After determining the width and depth of foundation, a drawing showing the width of foundations of various walls is prepared. It is known as foundation plan. To start the commencement of excavation, the centre line of one of the longest walls is just mark­ed out …

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Different types of foundations, which are generally used for structures

Content of this article : Types of foundations, Spread footing foundation, Benching or stepped foundation, Pile foundation, classification of piles foundation, Piles can be classified according to material-wooden piles,concrete piles,RCC piles, sheet piles,classification is based on the mode of working of the piles,(i) Bearing pills, and (ii) Friction piles.Raft foundation,Well foundation,Cassion’s foundation,cantilever foundations,combined footing foundation,Inverted …

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Methods of Improving the Bearing Capacity of soils

Content of the article : methods of improving the bearing capacity of soils  Methods of Improving the Bearing Capacity of soils The bearing capacity of a soil mainly depends on the closeness of its particles. The bearing capacity of a soil can be increased by the following methods: By increasing the depth of foundation. The …

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