Trickle irrigation (also known as drip irrigation) system

Trickle Irrigation Trickle irrigation (also known as drip irrigation) system comprises main line (37.5 mm to 70 mm diameter pipe), submains (25 mm to 37.5 mm diameter pipe), laterals (6 mm to 8 mm diameter pipe), valves (to control the flow), drippers or emitters (to supply water to the plants), pressure gauges, water meters, filters […]

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Sprinkler Irrigation and conditions are favourable for sprinkler irrigation

Sprinkler Irrigation Sprinkling irrigation is the method of applying water to the soil surface in the form of a spray which is somewhat similar to rain. In Sprinkling irrigation method, water is sprayed into the air and allowed to fall on the soil surface in a uniform pattern at a rate less than the infiltration […]

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Subsurface irrigation or simply subirrigation method

Subsurface irrigation or simply subirrigation method Subsurface irrigation or simply subirrigation method is the practice of applying water to soils directly under the surface. Moisture reaches the plant roots through capillary action. The conditions which favour Subsurface irrigation or simply subirrigation method are as follows (i) Impervious subsoil at a depth of 2 metres or […]

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Methods of irrigation surface irrigation

Methods of irrigation  surface irrigation Surface irrigation Uncontrolled flooding, Border strip,Check,Basin,Furrow method. In all the surface methods, Surface irrigation Uncontrolled flooding, Border strip,Check,Basin,Furrow method. of irrigation, water is either ponded on the soil or allowed to flow continuously over the soil surface for the duration of irrigation. Although surface irrigation, Surface irrigation Uncontrolled flooding, Border strip,Check,Basin,Furrow […]

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Methods of Irrigation and its subsystems

METHODS OF IRRIGATION Methods of Irrigation and its subsystems Any irrigation system or Methods of Irrigation and its subsystems would consist of the following four subsystems : (i) The water supply subsystem which may include diversion from rivers or surface ponds or pumped flow of ground water. (ii) The water delivery subsystem which will include canals, […]

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Main crops of Rabi season are wheat, barley and gram

Crops of Rabi Season Main crops of Rabi season are wheat, barley and gram, Rabi season starts earlier in the western part and continues until the sun attains equatorial position.Rabi’ season (October to March).  Wheat In terms of production, wheat occupies the first place among the food crops in the world. In India, it is […]

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Crops of Kharif Season are Rice,Maize,Jawar,Bajra.

Crops of Kharif Season Crops of Kharif Season are Rice,Maize,Jawar,Bajra.The crops of  Kharif season is characterized by a gradual fall in temperature, larger number of rainy days, low light intensity, a gradual shortening of the photo period, high relative humidity, and cyclonic weather.The Kharif season starts earlier in the eastern part of the country because […]

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Weather for Kharif seasons and Rabi seasons

Content of this article: Learn about weather, weather for Kharif season,weather for Rabi season Weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degree to which it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy. Most weather phenomena occur in the lowest level of the atmosphere, the […]

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Major crops and crop seasons of India

Content of this article: Learn about crop seasons,Rabi crop,Kharif crop,Zaid crop and five agricultural regions. Activities relating to crops go on continuously throughout the year in India. In north India,there are two main crop seasons. These are ‘Kharif’ (July to October) and ‘Rabi’ (October to March). Crops grown between March and June are known as […]

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