## Design of singly reinforced beam

The aim of design of  singly reinforced beam is to decide the size or dimensions of the beam and provide suitable reinforcement. The section designed should perform safely during its life time. Beam is a flexural member which resists loads mainly by bending. design of Singly reinforced beams have steel reinfocement in the tension zone but in doubly reinforced beams steel reinforcement is provided in the tension as well as compression zone.

### The design of following beams is explained.

• Singly reinforced rectangular simply supported beams.
• Cantilever beams.
• Lintels.

In designing R.C.C. beams, some basic rules are to be followed which are given in IS 456:2000 and are explained in subsequent articles.

Learn : Design of singly reinforced rectangular section for flexure, factored moment, ultimate moment of resistance, limiting moment of resistance factor, fixing dimension of the section, Area of tension steel.   Design of singly reinforced rectangular section for flexure The design problem is generally of determining dimensions (cross-sectional) of a beam (b X D) and the area of steel for a known moment or load. The basic requirement for safety at the limit of collapse (flexure) is that the factored moment Msbecause of loads should not exceed the ultimate moment of resistance Mulim of the section and the failure should be ductile. 2188ed6a96dad6de04b0dfb5853df1bee74e3d92 therefore $M_{u}\leq M_{u lim}$ Taking equality $M_{u}= M_{u lim}$ $=0.36f_{ck}.\frac {x_{umax}}{d}\left ( 1-\frac {0.42 x_{u max}}{d} \right )bd^{2}$ $M_{u}=R_{u}bd^{2}$ For the given material i.e., grade of concrete and type of steel, Ru is constant and is called as limiting moment of resistance factor. $R_{u}=0.36f_{ck}\frac {x_{u max}}{d}\left (… Continue Reading Design of singly reinforced rectangular section for flexure ## Basic rules for design of beams Learn About design of beams, effective span, effective depth, reinforcement, nominal cover to reinforcement, curtailment of tension reinforcement BASIC RULES FOR DESIGN OF BEAMS While designing R.C.C. beams, following important rules must be kept in mind: Effective Span (CI. 22.2, IS 456) The effective span of the beams are taken as follows : (a) Simply Supported Beam or Slab The effective span of a simply supported beam or slab is taken as least of the following: (i) Clear span plus the effective depth of beam or slab. (ii)Centre to centre distance between supports. (b) Continuous Beam or Slab In case of continuous beam or slab if the width of the supports is less than \[\frac {1}{12}$of the clear span, the effective span is taken as in (a). If the width of the support is greater than $\frac {1}{12}$ of the clear span or 600 mm whichever is less, the…

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