Classification of reservoirs
RESERVOIRS

Classification of reservoirs

CLASSIFICATION OF RESERVOIRS Depending upon the purposes served, the reservoirs may be classified into following categories. Storage or conservation reservoirs Flood control reservoirs Distribution reservoirs Multipurpose reservoirs. 1. Storage or Conservation Reservoirs. These reservoirs are primarily used to maintain minimum supplies of water for irrigation, hydroelectric generation, domestic and industrial water supply schemes, etc. during lean months of discharge in the rivers. We know that discharge in the rivers remains changing day to day, and season to season. During high floods the excess water in the river goes waste while in dry months it may not be sufficient to meet the minimum needs. The storage reservoir is constructed to store the excess water of floods and released gradually as and when required. 2. Flood Control Reservoirs. This reservoir is also called flood mitigation reservoir. The main purpose of this reservoir is to temporarily store the flood water and release slowly…

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