Methods of irrigation surface irrigation

Methods of irrigation  surface irrigation Surface irrigation Uncontrolled flooding, Border strip,Check,Basin,Furrow method. In all the surface methods, Surface irrigation Uncontrolled flooding, Border strip,Check,Basin,Furrow method. of irrigation, water is either ponded on the soil or allowed to flow continuously over the soil surface for the duration of irrigation. Although surface irrigation, Surface irrigation Uncontrolled flooding, Border strip,Check,Basin,Furrow method. is the oldest and most common method of irrigation, it does not result in high levels of performance. This is mainly because of uncertain infiltration rates which are affected by year-to-year changes in the cropping pattern, cultivation practices, climatic factors, and many other factors. As a result, correct estimation of irrigation efficiency of surface irrigation is difficult. Application efficiencies for surface methods may range from about 40 to 80 per cent. (i) Surface irrigation which includes the following: (a) Uncontrolled (or wild or free) flooding method, (b) Border strip method, (c) Check method, (d)…

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